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Vaccine-Preventable Diseases and the Vaccines that Prevent Them

Published February 6, 2013

Disease Vaccine Disease spread by Disease symptoms Disease complications
Chickenpox Varicella vaccine protects against chickenpox. Air, direct contact Rash, tiredness, headache, fever Infected blisters, bleeding disorders, encephalitis (brain swelling), pneumonia (infection in the lungs)
Diphtheria DTaP* vaccine protects against diphtheria. Air, direct contact Sore throat, mild fever, weakness, swollen glands in neck Swelling of the heart muscle, heart failure, coma, paralysis, death
Hib Hib vaccine protects against Haemophilus influenzae type b. Air, direct contact May be no symptoms unless bacteria enter the blood Meningitis (infection of the covering around the brain and spinal cord), intellectual disability, epiglottis (life- threatening infection that can block the windpipe and lead to serious breathing problems), pneumonia (infec- tion in the lungs), death
HepA HepA vaccine protects against hepatitis A. Personal contact, contaminated food or water May be no symptoms, fever, stomach pain, loss of appetite, fatigue, vomiting, jaundice (yellowing of skin and eyes), dark urine Liver failure
HepB HepB vaccine protects against hepatitis B. Contact with blood or body fluids May be no symptoms, fever, headache, weakness, vomiting, jaundice (yellowing of skin and eyes), joint pain Chronic liver infection, liver failure, liver cancer
Flu Flu vaccine protects against influenza. Air, direct contact Fever, muscle pain, sore throat, cough, extreme fatigue Pneumonia (infection in the lungs)
Measles MMR** vaccine protects against measles. Air, direct contact Rash, fever, cough, runny nose, pinkeye Encephalitis (brain swelling), pneumonia (infection in the lungs), death
Mumps MMR**vaccine protects against mumps. Air, direct contact Swollen salivary glands (under the jaw), fever, headache, tiredness, muscle pain Meningitis (infection of the covering around the brain and spinal cord) , encephalitis (brain swelling), inflam- mation of testicles or ovaries, deafness
Pertussis DTaP* vaccine protects against pertussis (whooping cough). Air, direct contact Severe cough, runny nose, apnea (a pause in breathing in infants) Pneumonia (infection in the lungs), death
Polio IPV vaccine protects against polio. Air, direct contact, through the mouth May be no symptoms, sore throat, fever, nausea, headache Paralysis, death
Pneumococcal PCV vaccine protects against pneumococcus. Air, direct contact May be no symptoms, pneumonia (infection in the lungs) Bacteremia (blood infection), meningitis (infection of the covering around the brain and spinal cord), death
Rotavirus RV vaccine protects against rotavirus. Through the mouth Diarrhea, fever, vomiting Severe diarrhea, dehydration
Rubella MMR** vaccine protects against rubella. Air, direct contact Children infected with rubella virus sometimes have a rash, fever, swollen lymph nodes Very serious in pregnant women—can lead to miscar- riage, stillbirth, premature delivery, birth defects
Tetanus DTaP* vaccine protects against tetanus. Exposure through cuts in skin Stiffness in neck and abdominal muscles, difficulty swallowing, muscle spasms, fever Broken bones, breathing difficulty, death

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